Comparative Environmental Politics - ISBN: 9781402047633 - (ebook) - von Jerry McBeath, Jonathan Rosenberg, Verlag: Springer - Details - OvW eBook Shop

Details

Comparative Environmental Politics


Advances in Global Change Research, Band 25

von: Jerry McBeath, Jonathan Rosenberg

154,69 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 10.07.2006
ISBN/EAN: 9781402047633
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 196

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Beschreibungen

This book assesses and compares the political response of nations to the environment. The book explores five major topics: state-society relations; environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGOs); Green parties and environmental movements; institutions of government and policy-making; variations in the capacities of states to protect the environment; and national responses to global problems. It compares and contrasts rich and poor nations, large and small countries, liberal democracies and authoritarian states.
While we cannot hope to provide definitive answers to these questions, as political scientists we proceed from the assumption that much can be learned through the application of the existing tools of comparative political analysis. Two of the incidents occurred in developing countries (one a parliamentary democracy, the other a democratizing presidential system), and one occurred in a highly developed presidential democracy. All three countries are federal systems, with multiple layers of environmental regulation, although sub-national government seems to be better institutionalized and more effective in the United States. Only one of the incidents occurred within the sovereign territory of a country with an effective federal environmental protection agency and highly transparent policy and judicial processes. None of the three nation-states involved has a strong “green” political party. And the affected communities in all three cases remain dissatisfied with the outcomes to varying degrees. What can we make of these observations? Is there a systematic relationship between them (or any other political, social, cultural or economic factors) and the responses to environmental crises by nation-states? To answer these questions a more systematic analysis of the attendant political processes is needed. Only then can we suggest whether hope or despair is a more appropriate reaction. 1. 2 Global Environmental Issues Since the 1960s, environmental issues have entered the agendas of most nation-states. Pollution of land, air, and water have endangered ecosystems and public health, and called for a governmental response.
Acknowledgements.- About the Authors.- Chapter 1. Introduction.- Chapter 2. State-Society Relations.- Chapter 3. Political Processes and Organizations.- Chapter 4. Political Institutions and the Environment.- Chapter 5. National Capacity to Protect the Environment.- Chapter 6. National Responses to Global Environmental Problems.- Chapter 7. Summary and Conclusions.- Index.
In an era of globalization, the authors argue that nation-states still make the critical decisions affecting the global environment. Nations decide whether to participate in international environmental agreements, and governments make the policies that implement those agreements. Therefore, understanding the global environmental future requires an understanding of the domestic circumstances and national performance of states.

This volume looks at the ways countries vary politically and assesses the impact on responses to global environmental issues such as climate change, biodiversity loss, deforestation, and trans-boundary air pollution.

The book explores five major topics: state-society relations; environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGOs); Green parties and environmental movements; institutions of government and policy-making; variations in the capacities of states to protect the environment; and national responses to global problems. It compares and contrasts rich and poor nations, large and small countries, liberal democracies and authoritarian states.
Provides an examination of the ways environmental groups, movements, and parties affect governance
Draws examples and data from a wide array of developing and developed countries and every region of the world
Applies the tools of comparative political analysis to pressing environmental issues
Allows an evaluation of the urgency of environmental crises and the capability of national governments to deal with them

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