Infostorms - ISBN: 9783319327655 - (ebook) - von Vincent F. Hendricks, Pelle G. Hansen, Verlag: Copernicus - Details - OvW eBook Shop

Details

Infostorms

Why do we 'like'? Explaining individual behavior on the social net.
2nd ed. 2016

von: Vincent F. Hendricks, Pelle G. Hansen

29,74 €

Verlag: Copernicus
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 18.08.2016
ISBN/EAN: 9783319327655
Sprache: englisch

DRM-geschütztes eBook, Sie benötigen z.B. Adobe Digital Editions und eine Adobe ID zum Lesen.

Beschreibungen

With points of departure in philosophy, logic, social psychology, economics, and choice and game theory, Infostorms shows how information may be used to improve the quality of personal decision and group thinking but also warns against the informational pitfalls which modern information technology may amplify: From science to reality culture and what it really is, that makes you buy a book like this. The information society is upon us. New technologies have given us back pocket libraries, online discussion forums, blogs, crowdbased opinion aggregators, social media and breaking news wherever, whenever. But are we more enlightened and rational because of it?   Infostorms provides the nuts and bolts of how irrational group behaviour may get amplified by social media and information technology. If we could be collectively dense before, now we can do it at light speed and with potentially global reach. That’s how things go viral, that is how cyberbullying, rude comments online, opinion bubbles, status bubbles, political polarisation and a host of other everyday unpleasantries start. Infostorms will give the story of the mechanics of these phenomena. This will help you to avoid them if you want or learn to start them if you must. It will allow you to stay sane in an insane world of information.“With this brilliant book, we have been warned. It is up to all of us in the world today to be stewards of he common resource that is trustworthy and relevant information”.Adam Brandenburger, Stern School of Business, NYU “It is a highly recommended read for social scientists and concerned citizens alike”.Christian List, London School of Economics
This detailed guide to navigating the bewildering superabundance of information in today’s globalizing world draws on the latest work in philosophy and the social sciences to explore how information, and its misuse, can both support and undermine democracy.
Chapter 1: Off We Go1.1 Social Psychology on Speed1.2 Information vs. Knowledge 1.3 Side-Tracking and Manipulation1.4 Individual Search and Social Proof1.5 Parts and Parcels Part 1: How Information Technologies May Amplify Irrational Group
Behavoir  Chapter 2: Common Knowledge and Public Space2.1 The Day Public Space Sold Out2.2 More than the Opposite of Private2.3 Public Announcements and Infinite Knowledge2.4 Notions of Group Knowledge2.5 Public Space as a Fundamental Informational Structure2.6 The Social Power of Public Space2.7 Techno-Ideological Pickets2.8 Public Space and Online Status Chapter 3: Pluralistic Ignorance and Bystanders 3.1 Computer City3.2 Today’s Lesson: Pluralistic Ignorance3.3 Pluralistic Ignorance and the Bystander Effect3.4 The Recipe for Bystander-Effects3.5 Cyber Bullying – The Case of Amanda Todd3.6 The Frailty of Ignorance Chapter 4: Informational Cascades and Lemmings4.1 Air France, Delta Airlines and Terminals4.2 Amazon and Sex and the City4.3 The Nuts And Bolts of Cascades4.4 Status Economics4.5 A Decisive Piece of Information4.6 True Disciples and Disbelievers4.7 Infostorms in a Connected World Part Ii: Why Free Choice, Markets and Deliberation Cannot Protect Us Chapter 5: Choice: Framing Choice5.1 "Like" It or Not?5.2 Framing Approval5.3 Choosing Between Life and Death5.4 Framing a Problem5.5 Risky Insurance5.6 Fumbles in Frames5.7 Information in a New Key5.8 The Art of Framing Democracy Chapter 6: Markets: Choosing Frames 6.1 The Invisible Hands of Democracy6.2 Positive Freedom6.3 The Relevance of Self-Determination6.4 Political Freedom and Individual Choice6.5 Walking the Dog at Night6.6 Individual Choice and Climate Negotiations6.7 Market Competition and Tour De France6.8 Ulysses and the Song of the Sirens Chapter 7: Deliberation: Polarized People7.1. Trouble Either Way7.2 Deliberating to the Extreme7.3 Gnomes and People Like Us7.4 The Brass Tacks of Polarization7.5 I Want To Be Just Like You All7.6 Group Polarization and Individual Marginalization7.7 I Can’t Read You Online7.8 Dissolving Divarication7.9 Deliberative Democratic Systems7.10 Echo Chambers and Stomping Grounds7.11 Deaf, Blind and Mute Chapter 8: The Constitutive Games We Play8.1 Decision Frames8.2 Blood Money8.3 Inferring Micro-Motives from Macro-Behavior8.4 Riots and Ghettos8.5 Why Democracy is not just ‘One Vote’8.6 Mistaking Society for a Company Part 3: Wars, Bubbles and Democracy Chapter 9: Wars 9.1 Just Another Day at the Office9.2 Quicksand at the Bus Stop9.3 The Logic of Death Tolls9.4 Taking a Hammering at the Auction9.5 A Lemon Market for Apples9.6 Zombies in Vegas9.7 Escaping the One-Armed Bandit in Afghanistan9.8 In the Pocket of Taliban Chapter 10: Bubbles10.1 Bubble Trouble10.2 Bubble Sorts10.3 Science Bubbles10.4 Status Bubbles10.5. Enough About Me, What About You, What Do You Think Of Me?10.6 What Is It With "Likes"?10.7 Opinion in Excess10.8 Opinion on The Market10.9 Noise Traders and Noisemakers10.10 Bubble-Hospitable Environments Chapter 11: Democracy11.1 Taking Stock11.2 Yesterday’s Democracy11.3 "That's Just Unacceptable!"11.4 Post-Factual Democracy11.5 True Democracy11.6 Democracy in the Process11.7 Macro- and Micro Control Problems11.8 Short Summary  Part 4: Postscript: The Social Power Of Information Architecture  Chapter 12: The Social Powers of Infostorms12.1 Iran’s Twitter Revolution12.2 The Arab Spring of Infostorms12.3 Peep Shows and Revolutions At $9.9912.4 The Golden Shield and the Great Wall of Fire12.5 Stabilizing Forces of Quasi-Democracies12.6 The Western Puzzle of Truth and Information12.7 The Gatekeepers of Truth and Information Architects









































































































































































































































































12.8 The Art and Science of Information Architecture
Vincent
F. Hendricks is Professor of Formal Philosophy at The University of
Copenhagen. He is Director of the Center for Information and Bubble Studies
(CIBS) sponsored by the Carlsberg Foundation and was awarded the Elite Research Prize by the Danish
Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation and the Roskilde Festival Elite Research Prize both in 2008. He was
Editor-in-Chief of Synthese: An
International Journal for Epistemology, Methodology and Philosophy of Science
between 2005-2015.Pelle
Guldborg Hansen is Behavioral Researcher at Roskilde University;
Director of ISSP — The Initiative of Science, Society &
Policy at Roskilde University and University of Southern Denmark; and
member of the Prevention Council of the Danish Diabetes Association. He also
heads the independent research group iNudgeYou and is chairman of the Danish
Nudging Network and co-founder of TEN — The European Nudge Network.
The information society is upon us. New
technologies have given us back pocket libraries, online discussion forums,
blogs, crowdbased opinion aggregators, social media and breaking news wherever,
whenever. But are we more enlightened and rational because of it?

With points of departure in philosophy, logic,
social psychology, economics, and choice and game theory, Infostorms shows how
information may be used to improve the quality of personal decisions and group
thinking but also warns against the informatonal pitfalls which modern
information technology may amplify: From science to reality culture and what it
really is, that makes you buy a book like this."With this brilliant book, we have been warned. It is up to all of us in the world today to be stewards of the common resource that is trustworthy and relevant information”.Adam Brandenburger, Stern School of Business, NYU“It is a highly recommended read for social scientists and concerned citizens alike”.Christian List, London School of Economic
Presents insights from social psychology, behavioral science, game theory, philosophy, logic, and economicsTerrific explanations with recognisable, humorous, and disconcerting examples of how your opinion is being formed onlineShows how social media is used to enlighten but also manipulate people, opinions, and markets
"Infostorms uses 78 examples and logic to offer a distinctive perspective on how every day activities combined with public information may manipulate our actions, our opinions, or our choices of what to buy or sell. Their examples illustrate notions ranging from social proof, information cascades, opinion bubbles, pluralistic ignorance, framing and polarization effects, and bystander effects. The pages are full of summaries of experimental studies, anecdotes and simple models that challenge  how we think of information, knowledge, and actions. This book should be read by everyone interested in network formation and researchers interested in decision making behavior." (Robert A. Becker, Professor of Economics, Indiana University, Bloomington, January 2014)"Informed fair decision making is not a fixed virtue that a democratic society acquires once and for all, it is a process that constantly needs rethinking and reshaping under changing circumstances. This highly original book brings the latest insights from logic, philosophy, social choice theory, cognitive psychology, and game theory to bear on the vast information streams that drive our lives. Its innovative unified perspective sensitizes the reader to the many informational whirlpools that can make us, and our societies, spin out of control, and it makes us better equipped to cope with them. The result is a showpiece of socially responsible fundamental science." (Johan van Benthem, Professor of Logic and Philosophy, university of Amsterdam & Stanford University, January 2014)"Infostorms is a sophisticated and accessible investigation into the crucial information flows that shape and govern so many aspects of our social, economic and political lives. It elegantly manages to select crucial results in a variety of technical fields, from logic to game theory, from economics to psychology, and make them cast new  and much needed light on the infosphere. An interdisciplinary tour de force not to be missed." (Luciano Floridi, OII’s Professor of Philosophy and Ethics of Information, University of Oxford and Fellow of St Cross College, Oxford, January 2014)"Modern man doesn’t need more news - he needs better news. And journalists should learn that information is no longer a scarce resource. We all drown in the polluted information surrounding us. What people need is means of navigation, meaning and alignment. Infostorms is a thoughtful, well-written and scary warning to every media organization: Change!" (Ulrik Haagerup, Executive Director of News, Danish Broadcasting Company, January 2014)"This is an unusual book with a wonderful collection of social phenomena that involve logical reasoning with important notions such as knowledge, information, and beliefs. I was particularly impressed by the nice balance between intriguing stories, formal analysis, and the insights conveyed by the authors. I am sure that readers will be enlightened by this book." (Fenrong Liu, Professor of Logic, Tsinghua University, Beijing, January 2014)"We live in environments that are rich in information, soundbites, and noise. Our highly connected social networks facilitate the transmission of information, but can also contribute to the spread of misinformation and even disinformation. To build strong democracies and flourishing liberal societies, we must understand how our information environments function and what challenges and opportunities they generate.Written by two scholars with a strongly interdisciplinary orientation, this book brings together insights from many different academic fields to shed light on the mechanisms underpinning information flows in society and how we might respond to them. It is a highly recommended read for social scientists and concerned citizens alike." (Christian List, Professor of Political Science and Philosophy, London School of Economics, January 2014)"A highly readable book, Infostorms is aimed as much at “students” in the broad sense as those at the university. It is sure to provoke wide-ranging discussions in classrooms. In addition, its themes and examples suggest new research questions. All in all, it is an important contribution to the social sciences for both the academy and the public." (Lawrence S. Moss, Professor of Mathematics, Indiana University Program in Pure and Applied Logic, January 2014)"We now make our democratic decisions, as we live our everyday lives, buffeted by gales of purported information that are stronger andmorewayward than any previous generation has had to weather. Drawing on many different disciplines and traditions, Infostorms offers an analysis of these forces that is indispensable for everyone who is invested, as we all should be, in the value and the future of democracy." (Philip Pettit, L.S. Rockefeller University Professor of Politics and Human Values, Princeton University, University Distinguished Professor of Philosophy, Australian National University, January 2014)

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